ready-to-use, xeno-free (animal origin-free) hydrogel system for organoid culture

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  • Xeno-free hydrogel for organoid formation
  • Supports a wide range of organoids from patient-derived samples, stem cells, tissues, co-culture and PDX resources
  • Operation protocol at room temperature, automation-friendly
  • Easy 20-minute cell harvesting (enzyme-free)

VitroGel® ORGANOID (1-4) are xeno-free (animal origin-free) hydrogels that support the growth of patient-derived organoids or organoids developed from pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), co-culture, and PDX model.

VitroGel ORGANOID hydrogels are ready to use at room temperature and have a neutral pH, transparent, permeable, and compatible with different imaging systems. The solution transforms into a hydrogel matrix by simply mixing with the cell culture medium. VitroGel ORGANOID hydrogels are good for both 3D cell culture and 2D hydrogel coating applications.

The VitroGel ORGANOID hydrogels can work in conjunction with VitroGel STEM (a xeno-free hydrogel for 3D static suspension cultures and scale-up of human pluripotent stem cells) by transferring stem cell spheroids cultured in VitroGel STEM to VitroGel ORGANOID hydrogels for organoid differentiation. See Xeno-free 3D Organoid Workflow BKey growth factors and molecules can be directly mixed with the hydrogel matrix or by adding on the top of the hydrogel. Organoids cultured in this system can be easily harvested out with our VitroGel Cell Recovery Solution.  VitroGel ORGANOID hydrogels provide a well-defined 3D microenvironment for the future of personalized medicine.


FormulationXeno-free, functional hydrogel
UseOrganoid culture
OperationReady-to-use at room temperature
BiocompatibilityBiocompatible, safe for animal studies
InjectionInjectable hydrogel for in vivo studies and lab automation
Cell HarvestingVitroGel Organoid Recovery Solution
5-15 min cell recovery
StorageStore at 2-8°C. Ships at ambient temperature
SizesSingle Vial: 10 mL
Discovery Kit: (2 mL) each of ORGANOID-1, ORGANOID-2, ORGANOID-3, ORGANOID-4
Number of Uses (10 mL): 600 uses at 25 µL per dome
or 300 uses at 50 µL per well
(2 mL): 120 uses at 25 µL per dome
or 60 uses at 50 µL per well
Learn all the features of vitrogel
We still strongly suggest starting with the VitroGel® ORGANOID Discovery Kit (Cat# VHM04-K) to make a quick screening to find the hydrogel version that is optimal for the organoid conditions.
The kit includes all four types of organoid hydrogels:
VitroGel ORGANOID-1, VitroGel ORGANOID-2, VitroGel ORGANOID-3, VitroGel ORGANOID-4)
Each of the four types has various bio-functional ligands, mechanical strengths, and degradability to fulfill the needs of different organoid culture conditions.
Because there is a wide range of organoid cell resources (from stem cells, patient-derived tissue, co-culture, to PDX), it is hard to tell which organoid hydrogel would best perform the researcher’s experiment. Therefore, the Discovery Kit helps researchers to screen the four different formulations to determine the best organoid hydrogel version for the organoid conditions.
From our findings, versions 1, 2, or 3 are suitable for gastric organoids. Versions 1 or 3 are suitable for lung organoids. Versions 2 or 3 are suitable for brain organoids, and versions 3 or 4 are suitable for cancer organoids.

3D organoid cell culture process in 20 min
“Just add cells”

VitroGel ORGANOID is ready-to-use. Just mix with your cells. There is no cross-linking agent or the need to adjust the hydrogel concentration.

Recommended Product

Harvest organoids from the hydrogel in 5-15 minutes with high cell viability. Non-enzymatic formulation.

VitroGel Organoid Recovery Solution

Protocols / Handbooks/ Resources

Video Protocols & Demonstrations


2D Coating Culture for Organoid


3D Organoid Culture


Cell Harvesting from
Organoid Culture


Injectable Hydrogel
VitroGel System

Webinars     |     Application Notes     |     Research Highlights



Xeno-free Organoid Generation Workflow for Stem Cell Spheroids


VitroGel Organoid Culture Methods

VitroGel ORGANOID system can culture organoids in variety of methods:
3D DOME  |  2D DOME  |  2D Hydrogel Coating  |  3D Cell Encapsulation  |  3D Hydrogel-Cell Droplet

Review all the following VitroGel ORGANOID protocol that best fits your project.

3D Dome Method
Widely used method for organoid generation.

2D Dome Method
Add cells on top of the hydrogel dome for
organoid-gel-medium interactions.

2D Hydrogel Coating Method
Add cells on top of hydrogel for optimal interactions among cells, hydrogel, and medium.

3D Cell Encapsulation Method
Encapsulate cells within the hydrogel for excellent mechanical support and the cell-matrix interactions.

3D Hydrogel-Cell Droplet Method
Create a Hydrogel-Cell droplet. This is a unique culture method only to the VitroGel system for generating great cell-matrix interactions and excellent medium penetration for organoid formation and scale-up.

Data and References

Xeno-free 3D Organoid Workflow A: 
Using VitroGel ORGNAOID for organoid culture and maturation

Figure 1. MOUSE INTESTIONAL ORGANOID culture on VitroGel ORGANOID and Matrigel.
Small organoids recovered from liquid nitrogen were directly seeded with VitroGel and Matrigel, respectively.
2D Hydrogel Coating Method was used for VitroGel.  Images show the growth of mouse intestinal organoid from day 0 to day 14.


Xeno-free 3D Organoid Workflow B:
Start from iPSC spheroids for stem cell differentiation and organoid formation.
(Diagram below shows culturing human intestinal organoid from stem cell spheroids)

Figure 2. Culture human intestinal organoid from stem cell spheroids.
Human iPSCs recovered from liquid nitrogen were seeded with VitroGel STEM for static suspension culture (Refer to protocol of VitroGel STEM Cat# VHM02). The high-quality stem cell spheroids formed within 3-5 days with full pluripotent properties (showing the positive markers of SSEA4, OCT4, SOX2, and TRA-1-60). The spheroids were harvested by centrifuging (100 x g, 3 min), and resuspended with VitroGel STEM in endoderm differentiation medium for 3 days. The endoderm cell spheroids were then harvested by centrifuging (100 x g, 3 min), and resuspended with VitroGel STEM in mid/hindgut differentiation medium for 3-4 days. The mid/hindguts were collected by centrifuging (100 x g, 3 min), and characterized with CDX2 and E-Cadherin. The mid/hindguts were resuspended with organoid formation medium and mixed with VitroGel ORGANOID (following the protocol of VitroGel ORGANOID) for organoid formation and long-term maturating culture.

Figure 3. VitroGel ORGANOID improves immune cell-epithelial interactions in a co-culture model of Human Gastric Organoids (HGO) and Dendritic Cells.
The videos show a 20 h timelapse of mCherry-expressing human gastric organoids on the GOFlowChip co-cultured with CellTracker Green-labeled Monocyte-derived dendritic cells for 20 h. Organoids are embedded in VitoGel ORGANOID-3 (left) and Matrigel(right). Poor movement of MoDCs (green) when co-cultured with and HGOs (red) embedded in Matrigel. Improved migration of MoDCs (green) towards HGOs (red) embedded in VitroGel ORGANOID-3.
(Video credit to Barkan Sidar, Michelle Cherne, Jim Wilking, and Diane Bimczok from Montana State University).
Cherne et al.

Figure 4. Human gastric organoids retain their circular morphology and size in V-ORG-3 for 20 h.
Human gastric organoids retain their circular morphology and size in V-ORG-3 for 20 h. Top panels: Representative confocal images of mCherry-expressing HGOs 0 h and 20 h after transfer from Matrigel to V-ORG-3, maximum Z-projection. Bottom panels: bright field images of the same HGOs shown in the top panels. Bar = 200 µm.
 Cherne et al.

Figure 5. Increasing the concentration of L-WRN conditioned media improves organoid formation and growth in V-ORG-3.
Human gastric organoids (HGOs) were passaged by trypsinization then resuspended in gel using either (A) 50% L-WRN conditioned media (CM), the recommended growth factor concentrations or (B) whole L-WRN CM (100%), doubling the concentration of the organoid growth factors Wnt3a and Rspondin. HGOs were imaged one day after passaging (day 1) and five days later. (C) On day 1 and 5 the diameter of 20 organoids from each condition was compared. Box and whisker plot, unpaired t-test (P = 0.10).

Organoid 2D Hydrogel Coating Method

Figure 6. Organoids from breast cancer PDX cultured on VitroGel ORGANOID.
Cells were cultured on top of 2D hydrogel coating surface for 7 days.


Figure 7. Cerebral organoid culture with VitroGel ORGANOID and Matrigel comparison.


View more publications on VItroGel Products

Matrigel is a trademark of Corning Incorporated.

Organoid Version



4 x 2 mL, 2 mL, 10 mL